Political Advertisement Disclaimers
See the Political Advertising Disclaimer Chart for information on what disclaimers are required for campaign advertisements.
The disclaimer portion of the ad identifies the person or entity who paid for and authorized the communication so that potential voters may know who is funding campaign advertisements. The Political Reform Act requires specific disclaimers for certain types of communications. For example, candidates for all elections in California must include "paid for by" disclaimers on campaign mailings.
Please note that disclaimers must be updated in a timely manner if the committee name changes and/or if there are new $50,000 donors. For more information see our Campaign Disclosure Manuals.
Reporting Advertisement Expenses
In addition to including proper disclaimers on political advertisements, candidates are also required to disclose advertising expenses and contributions on their campaign reports. Please note that more than one report may be required. For more information, see the appropriate filing schedules and our Campaign Disclosure Manuals.
|Communication by candidate committee for himself/herself
||Form 460, Schedule E|
|Communication by candidate committee against opponent
||Form 460, Schedule E
|Communication by other committee for candidate (coordinated with candidate)
||Form 460, Schedule C
|Communication by other committee for candidate (NOT coordinated with candidate)
||No reporting required by candidate|
Additionally, in general, no reporting is necessary for the following activities so long as no payments are made to or by the candidate committee.
- Political debates
- Regularly scheduled organizational meetings where a candidate is invited to speak
- Member-only communications such as newsletters
- Voter registration and Get-Out-the-Vote activities
Other Advertising Issues
Certain issues concerning political advertisements do not fall within the purview of the Political Reform Act. Please see the links below for more information.
Contact local elections officials for information on posting signs in local jurisdictions. To place signs near freeways, contact the California Department of Transportation website for information about the State Outdoor Advertising Act.
Vandalism of Campaign Signs
Contact your local district attorney or city attorney.
False or Misleading Advertisements
Contact the Secretary of State's Investigative Services Unit at (916) 653-4245.
Unwanted Political Calls
Visit the Federal Trade Commission website to register for the "Do Not Call" list.
To file a complaint about a violation of campaign advertisement disclaimer rules, visit the Enforcement page of FPPC's website. Please note that committees and their candidates and treasurers may be fined up to $5000 per violation. These types of complaints are some of the most common filed with the FPPC.
Section 82031 Independent Expenditure
Section 82041.5 Mass Mailing
Section 82048.3 Slate Mailer
Section 84106 Sponsored Committee; Identification
Section 84107 Ballot Measure Committee; Identification
Regulation 18435 Mass Mailing and Sender
Regulation 18450.1 Definitions. Advertisement Disclosure
Mass Mailings/Slate Mailers/Phone Calls
Section 84501 Advertisement
Section 84502 Cumulative Contributions
Section 84503 Disclaimer; Ballot Measure Ads
Section 84504 Ballot Measure Committee Names
Section 84505 Avoidance of Disclosure
Section 84506 Disclaimer; Independent Expenditure Ads
Section 84506.5 Disclaimer; Independent Expenditure Ads; Not Authorized by Candidate
Section 84507 Disclaimer; Legible and Audible
Section 84508 Disclaimer; Small Ad
Section 84509 Amended Disclaimers
Section 84510 Remedies for Article Violations; Civil Action; Fines
Section 84511 Ballot Measure Ads; Paid Spokesperson Disclosure
Regulation 18450.5 Amended Advertising Disclosure